Drug Crimes

Drug crimes–possession, possession for sale, transportation, importation, distribution–often carry potentially lengthy prison sentences. Those convicted of drug crimes may have to register as a narcotics offender, will be prohibited from owning or possessing firearms or ammunition, and will be required to give up their Fourth Amendment right to be free from unlawful search and seizure.

Our approach to drug crimes is to evaluate the prosecution’s evidence and to conduct our own independent investigation. We explore all possible defenses and work with our clients to develop the most effective strategy, whether that’s going to trial or working toward negotiating a favorable plea bargain.

A lawyer defending drug crimes must be creative, resourceful, and experienced. For over 20 years, we have sought solutions for our clients charged with drug offenses, solutions tailored to each individual client, solutions that have frequently resulted in limited or no jail time. If you would like to discuss your case with a Certified Criminal Law Specialist, please call us today.

Schedule Of Controlled Substance

Controlled substances are classified into one of five schedules, Schedule I through Schedule V.  Here is a brief description of the nature of the drugs that fall into each of the five schedules and some of the more common drugs falling within each schedule.

Schedule I Controlled Substances

Schedule I drugs meet the following criteria:

• The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
• The drug or other substance has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the U.S.
• There is a lack of accepted safety for use of the drug or other substances under medical supervision.

Schedule I drugs include:

• Heroin
• Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
• Marijuana (cannabis)
• Peyote
• Psilocybin
• Methaqualone
• MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) 

Schedule II Controlled Substances

Schedule II drugs meet the following criteria:

• The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.
• The drug or other substance has the currently accepted medical use in treatment in the U.S.
• Abuse of the drug may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.

Schedule II Drugs include:

• Cocaine
• Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
• Most pure opioid agonists
• Short-acting barbiturates
• Amphetamine

Schedule III Controlled Substances

Schedule 3 drugs meet the following criteria:

• The drug or other substance has a potential for abuse less than drugs or other substances in schedules I and II.
• The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the U.S.
• Abuse of drugs or other substances may be too moderate or low physical dependence or high psychological dependence.

Schedule 3 drugs include:

• Anabolic steroids
• Intermediate-acting barbiturates
• Ketamine
• Xyrem
• Marinol
• Hydrocodone/Codeine
• Rohypnol

Schedule IV Controlled Substances

Schedule IV drugs meet the following criteria:

• The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.
• The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the U.S.
• Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule III.

Schedule IV drugs include:

• Benzodiazepines (i.e., Xanax, Valium)
• Zolpidem ( Ambien)
• Long-acting barbiturates
• Some partial agonist opioid analgesics
• Certain non-amphetamine stimulants

Schedule V Controlled Substances

Schedule V drugs meet the following criteria:

• The drug or other substance has a low potential for abuse relative to drugs or other substances in schedule IV.
• The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the U.S.
• Abuse of the drug or other substance may lead to limited physical dependence or psychological dependence relative to the drugs or other substances in schedule IV.

Schedule V drugs include:

• Cough suppressants containing small amounts of codeine
• Preparations containing small amounts of opium or Diphenoxylate
• Pregabalin

This web site is designed for general information only. The information presented at this site should not be construed to be formal legal advice nor the formation of an attorney-client relationship. 
These results are not meant to predict or guarantee a particular result in your case.

 

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